Agroforstwirtschaft als ökologisch, ökonomisch und sozial nachhaltige Landnutzungsform: Fallbeispiel Kakaoanbau in Bolivien
Agroforestry can help protect soil and biodiversity, increase food and income security, as well as build resilience to climate change. Cocoa farmers in Alto Beni in Bolivia have different forms of cocoa cultivation from monocultures to highly diversified agroforestry systems and many have organic certification. To compare the different forms of cocoa cultivation and to evaluate the role of organic certification, we sampled data in cocoa plots and interviewed cocoa producers. Besides biodiversity, cocoa yields and incomes were also higher for cocoa producers who had agroforestry systems. The interviews indicated that organic certification was an incentive to form cooperatives which can make knowledge and technical support accessible to cocoa farmers, thereby leading to a greater adoption of agroforestry systems. These cooperatives provided social networks, exchange and knowledge transmission, and should therefore be systematically supported for a more sustainable development.