Ethik des Werdens – Mensch und Naturreiche
Evolutionary and developmental biology make it abundantly clear that all living beings develop, and show how they develop. This throws new light on the old question of how the kingdoms of nature may be differentiated. Since Darwin, the issue of what plants (including fungi and micro-organisms), animals and human beings are, has to be replaced by the question: how do plants, animals and humans evolve? The science of being has become a science of evolution. It turned out that man is not only object but also subject of the evolution: he may frame evolution on biological, psychological and cultural grounds, he is a participant as well as a co-creator of evolution. The corresponding new orientation of ethics, particularly concerning the responsibility of humans for ongoing evolution, has not yet been spelled out. Classical ethics is concerned with criteria and consequences for the exposure of humans to other humans and natural beings. Modern ethics may also ponder the questions: how can humans themselves interact with the evolution of plants, animals and humans; how does man influence current evolution, and what is his responsibility for future evolution? Or: how and in what direction are we inclined or able to participate in the evolution of plants, animals and humans?